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Medieval helmets

About Medieval helmets

Welcome to section “Helmets”! 

Here you can find different models of head protection, which were used by knights in medieval Europe.

We manufacture helmets by individual parameters and personal regards of customer. Armour is based on the museum pieces, historical paintings and gravures.

To order required model of bascinet, barbute or salad, you need to do few simple steps:

  1. Open the item;
  2. Choose type and thickness of metal;
  3. Select metal for rivets and buckles (steel or brass);
  4. Choose decoration for your helmet and method of finish polishing (satin/mirror polishing or blueing);
  5. Define the required attaching system for visor, and it’s fixation;
  6. Add padded or mail aventail (if you want additional protection for neck and shoulders).

If you came across any problems when ordering, please do not hesitate to contact our manager. We will help you to define your size, required model and its complement.

All samples of head defense are perfect for participation in the tournaments of medieval fencing, bohurts, historical festivals and reenactment events. Depending on the complement, they are compliant to the standards and rules of such social movements, as SCA (The Society for Creative Anachronism), HEMA (Historical European Martial Arts), HMB (Historical medieval battles).

Once all options are chosen, please add item to the cart and make a payment. After that, manager will contact you with measurement request and specification of order’s details.

If you did not find required element of armour in this section, we can make it individually for you. Just send picture with detailed description to [email protected] , so we could quote you and discuss details of order.

A kettle hat (also known as «Chapel-de-fer” and “Eisenhut”) is the simplest type of metal head protection, which looked like a hat with wide brims. Due to ease of making, helmet was so cheap, that even warriors from lower social classes were able to afford it. Chapel was made as roundish headpiece (slightly conical-shaped or bell-typed). Wide brims were lowered a bit, and sometimes had narrow eye slits. Helmet was fixed with leather chinstrap. This head protection was in use until the middle of the XVI century.

Since Crusades of the XII century, European knights were wearing pot helms (another names “Topfhelm”, “The Great Helm”) during more than two centuries. Facepiece of this type of helmet had cross-shaped protrusion. It could be decorated with additional cross plates. As eye slits were rather narrow, there were additional ventilation holes on the front side. Generally, horsemen were using topfhelms, as this helmet had very limited visibility.

The Great Helm suffered some changes in the early XIV century: protective face plate of harder metal had being attached to the metal conical-shaped dome. Knights usually were wearing steel cervelliere with mail aventail under the topfhelm. Such design was defending at the highest level during the lance tilting on tournaments, but not during dismounted battles. So great helms passed out of use by warriors.

Bascinet (or bassinet) replaced heavy topfhelms. This type of medieval helmet had high crown of spherical or conical shape. Helmet bascinet had multifarious variant of design and provided with good protection at the same time. Helmets were distinguished by crown’s and visor’s shapes.

So-called “Onion top” bascinet had pointed top and movable visor (with holes and eye-slits or grid). Starting the XV century, bascinets were equipped with klappvisor – a type of visor, which was hinged at the central part of helmets’ forehead. Some types of klappvisors had drawn pointed shape. They were called “hounskull” or “hundskugel” for similarity with dog muzzle.

The more bowed type of bascinet – Grand bascinet – had appeared in Germany in the end of the XIV century. Solid plate provided with additional protection of chin and neck. Shape of klappvisor became more roundish, and big quantity of holes was designed for better vision and breathing.

Salad (or sallet), semi-spherical helmet with elongated neck-flap and curved edge, replaced bascinet in the middle of the XV century. There could be reinforcement rib of the form of small comb in the middle of dome. Armourers of different European countries were inventing various kind of such helmet. German style salads had movable visor. Helmets often could be decorated with top figures, such as wings, horns, etc. These sallets had large neck-flap and become a feature element on Gothic armour.

Closed helmet armet got widespread use on the South of Europe in the XV century. Back part of this head armour covered neck rather tightly, continuing its anatomical structure. Dome of spherical shape had narrow eye-slits. Bevor was a key feature of armet. It consisted of two halves, which were connected with metal pins. Visor of armet was movable. It could be raised up and fixed in such position.

Italian helmet barbute was popular among dismount warriors. It had elongated cheek plates, which looked like whiskers and provided with face protection. Probably, barbute got its name because of these plates (from Italian “beard” – “barba”).

Helmet had T-cut from the front. Some models looked similar to ancient helmets of the Roman hoplites. Semispherical dome had reinforcement rib, which softened the strike force up.

Review about items

  • Nasal helm
    Nasal helm

    Jason Birk

    I purchased mine three years ago. And, I could not be more happy with it. I have used it in countless combats and it has always protected me. It is dented and beaten no. But that makes it all the more realistic. Buy one. You will love it.

  • Helm of Nikolskoe (Orel region. Russia). End of XII - XIII centuries
    Helm of Nikolskoe (Orel region. Russia). End of XII - XIII centuries


    It's really nice replica, workmanship is fantastic. Helm is light and fits my head perfectly. I added aventail so low-face is also protected now. Thanks a lot

  • Great Helm
    Great Helm

    Stacey Wells (The Pieman)

    Bought this second hand from a colleague, drilled extra air holes for better breathing and wore it in IMCF 2018 world championships. It is a tank and has taken extreme blows and I've never felt a bit. Love this lid.

  •  Kettle hat (Kettle helm)  with high top point
    Kettle hat (Kettle helm) with high top point

    Viktor Bulanienkov

    Great helmet!!! Steel-Mastery you are the best.

  • Bascinet with side hinged visor
    Bascinet with side hinged visor

    Steven J

    I ordered this helm with some changes. The face plate on mine has squarish holes for the eye slots. The production time of my helmet took twice the length advertised however, Steel Mastery did compensate me for my time by adding brass accents and an aventail as a bonus. The helmet and faceplate were heatreated. The only modification I had to do was to add a retaining strap for the faceplate.Their staff was very friendly to deal with and would write me back within one to two business days. I would recommend them. I am very happy with my bascinet. I have used once so far in SCA type point combat with blunt steel weapons and it held up fine.

  • Armet (closed helmet) 15th-16th century
    Armet (closed helmet) 15th-16th century

    Mike L.

    This was my first order from Steel Mastery and that helm tops all expectations! I am really impressed with craftmanship and so perfect fitting. Great thumbs up!

  • Armet (closed helmet) 15th-16th century
    Armet (closed helmet) 15th-16th century


    I ordered this armet of stainless steel and with extra breath holes on the left cheek. Special thanks for sewn cotton liner (don't have to do it by myself, lol). Perfect fit and workmanship, thanks to all Steel Mastery team!

  • Winged sallet
    Winged sallet


    Beautiful helmet, fantastic quality. Yes it's a little bit more expensive than your off-the-shelf armour stuff, but it's custom-made to your measurements which more than justifies the price tag.

  • Fencing helmet
    Fencing helmet

    Wolfgang Kirchdorfer

    This tailor made helmet has comfortable weight, guarantees good vision and air circulation. Easy to fix both gridles. The padded inlay fits perfectly. The helmet won't move sideways even with open chin gridle. Also one doesn't need an extra hair cap. Prize is more than reasonable. The process of order and payment was easy online. Every step was documented and shared, often via photoes. If necessesary, clarification of details preferred or the bill was made prior executing next steps. My wishes have been met fully. The order arrived safe and undamaged due to smart wrapping. Codes provided made delivery tracking online easy. Overall I was not only a customer but found myself in every step in the best hands. FIVE STARS!

  • Armet, part of full plate armor (garniture) of George Clifford, end of the XVI century
    Armet, part of full plate armor (garniture) of George Clifford, end of the XVI century

    Aaron Nichols

    Got my Close Helmet in the mail about a week ago. The Helmet fits perfectly, and the quality is absolutely stunning. I was not expecting it to be so perfect. Ill definitely be recommending this site to everyone I know. My only question, maybe it should be an email is if I could get the the name of the crafter who forged my Helmet as Id like to see other works he does.

  • Armet, part of full plate armor (garniture) of George Clifford, end of the XVI century
    Armet, part of full plate armor (garniture) of George Clifford, end of the XVI century


    This helm is absolutely beautiful! Workmanship is perfect! I was a bit afraid of weight but installed liner makes wearing very comfy and I feel myself well-protected. Well done, guys! Thank you!



    Finally I got this armet! workmanship is very qualitative, fitting is perfect. Now just have to test it in fighting:) Thanks to all steel Mastery crew!



    This helmet is just WOW! Craftmanship, size and fitting, material - everything is on the top! Congratulations to artisans! I will order more stuff from you,guys!